The final findings of Nepal's 2078 national census have been published. In its most recent report, the Central Department of Statistics included an analysis of census data obtained in 2078. The census process which began in 1968 under Chandra Shumsher's tenure is still ongoing. The census, which is held every ten years, has been held 12 times in Nepal thus far. Every time the public is questioned, a new reference is added.
A census is more than just a census. Various demographic details, such as religion, caste, language, profession, occupation, and employment, are also analyzed. There was no such thing as politics in caste, language, or religion until the quest for new themes of politics or movement began. Politics is at its pinnacle right now. As a result, even if a person of a specific caste speaks Nepali as his mother tongue, he mentions ethnic language as his mother tongue in the census.
On the other hand, those of the Hindu religion are under pressure to state that they practice a religion other than Hinduism. As a result, the census data may not be completely accurate, but it is the census performed by the government through its official agency. As a result, it cannot be labeled a fake number. With the exception of caste, language, and religion, there is no ambiguity in demographic statistics, geography, per capita income, and so on. Madhes constitutes 17% of Nepal's total land area. Before two decades ago, 46 percent of the people lived there, but today about 54 percent do, and the fact that there are a lot of people in Kathmandu Valley has contributed to its popularity.
It depicts the magnitude of migration. In locations like the Himalayas and steep terrain with fewer amenities, the population is progressively declining. Those who can afford it prefer to live in the capital or other metropolitan regions with facilities, while those who cannot afford it prefer to live in Terai. As a result, agricultural regions are being turned into residential zones in a variety of locations. Just the trees in the Himalayas and mountainous areas are vacant, but the villages there are also uninhabited, and agriculture has been abandoned. Everyone is seeing and feeling the same thing. The government-conducted census has officially confirmed this.
Similarly, in this year's census, individuals were asked if they own mobile phones, televisions, or refrigerators. They were also questioned about the Internet. This time, the government included such questions to learn if residents' access to modern amenities in the context has been established and what proportion of citizens have been able to use such facilities. This yields the proportion of the population that has migrated overseas. A considerable portion of the country's workforce has left for international jobs. This is not a nice reference. According to the most recent census, the country has no disproportionate population. This has resulted in the dilemma of settlement desolation on the one hand and excessive population density on the other.
This is because employment cannot be produced and developed in proportion. The population growth rate is stable. It can be viewed positively in certain ways; however, other nations are taking several initiatives to raise their populations owing to concerns that the population will stay low tomorrow. It is best to follow the advice of an expert. The government must develop and execute necessary measures to ensure a proportionate demographic dispersion across the country. Otherwise, in the future, people's lives would get more difficult owing to pollution and a shortage of water in metropolitan areas, while human settlements in rural villages will become thinner and the number of wild animals will increase. As a result, it is vital to consider it immediately.