Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal 'Prachanda' has informed the global community that Nepal was suffering worst in the face of climate change despite negligible role it has on greenhouse gas emission.
Addressing the UN climate change summit, COP-28, which is going on in Dubai, UAE, PM Dahal reminded, "Due to sheer injustice to us, Nepalis are plagued by extreme weather events."
He further said the report of the inter-governmental panel on climate change (IPCC) disappointed him much. The climate change-induced disaster has made record in mountain region. PM Dahal further shared that the glaciers are receding fast and are likely to lose its one third mass as per scientists. It is a warning bell.
Mountain is the foundation of human civilization, ecosystem and biodiversity, so it must be protected. It is also the source for many people living downhill.
PM Dahal made it clear that climate injustice to Nepal must end now. He further recounted recent visit of UN Secretary General in Nepal where he took stock of climate change effects.
PM Dahal reiterated Nepal's nationally determined construction and climate action as per Paris Accord- commitment to achieve net zero emission by 2045, which is five year earlier than global ambition.
Also shared by the PM during the event was 45 percent forest coverage in Nepal, optimum use of hydropower for clean energy, financial and technical constraints in the implementation of climate action.
He demanded doubling the climate finance pledge of 100 billion dollars by 2025 along with easy operationalization of the loss and damage fund.
According to him, grant should be provided to face climate crises in the LDCs as Nepal.
Thus goes the full text of PM Dahal's address-
At the outset, I congratulate the Presidency of the COP 28 for hosting this Conference and thank the government of the UAE for extending a warm hospitality to my delegation.
I bring the message of 30 million Nepalis to this Conference.
Our message is clear: mountains are tortured by rising temperature.
Save them first!
I am deeply concerned about the findings of the recent IPCC report, that states climate-induced disasters breaking records in the Himalayas.
We have already lost one-third of our glaciers, and scientists have warned that we are going to lose another one-third by the end of this century.
This is a wake-up call to all of us.
The Himalayas are foundations of human civilizations, ecosystems, and biodiversity.
They are providing global services to the people and the planet and are the source of livelihoods for billions of people downstream.
Nepal is bearing a direct, disproportionate, and damaging effect of climate change despite near zero contribution to global emissions.
Due to an appalling injustice inflicted on us, our people are severely affected by climate-induced disasters such as landslides, floods, wildfires, glacier lake outbursts, drought, etc.
This is an utter injustice. This must stopnow.
In his opening remarks yesterday, the UN Secretary-General said, and I quote, “Just days ago, I was on the melting ice of Antarctica.
Not long ago, I was among the melting glaciers of Nepal. These two spots are far in distance, but united in crisis “unquote.
Similarly, in his recent visit to Nepal, hesaid further, and I quote, ‘stop war against the nature’, unquote. This was his reaction after having witnessed the disastrous impacts of climate change in the mountains.
Indeed, it is a war against nature as well as humanity. We are waging war with ourselves and the future generations only to satisfy our short-sighted and self-serving interests.
So, I stand here for climate justice for my innocent people who are sheer victims of this catastrophe.
Recently, I unveiled the National Adaptation Plan and NDC implementation guidelines with clear roadmap and strategies.
Nepal is fully committed to the Paris Agreement.We are committed to achieving of net zero greenhouse gas emission by 2045, five year earlier than the global target.
We will fully utilize our hydropower potentials to secure clean energy and maintain45 percent forest covered land.
However, our attempts to implement climate change adaptation and mitigation plans are facing serious financial and technological gaps.
LDCs are more vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and are in desperate need of financial and technological support.
As the chair of LDCs, I urge the developed economies andinternational community for more predictableadequate, and equitable resources and technologiesfor LDCs.
Countries like Nepal are left behind to live on their own fate. Therefore, I want to reiterate the following points:
• Developed countries’ pledges and actions do not correspond with each other. They must raise their ambitions and fulfil their commitments urgently.
• They must scale up climate finance to make up for the US $100 billion shortfall and double the adaptation finance by 2025, and ensure fair financial arrangements without conditions, constraints, and compliances.
• We demand grants as our justice to address this crisis.
• The loss and damage Fund must be predictable, simplified, and adequate for LDCs and mountainous countries.
• The GST report must give a clear roadmap to all, and we must act in solidarity with urgency.
• Finally, I strongly recommend the necessity of initiating a dialogue on mountain and climate change.
I wish a grand success of this Conference.